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Outdoor Survival Skills

How To Read A Fish Finder

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A fish finder is the most effective tool that is looking for very specific things in the water. By this tool, you can see what’s going on under the surface of the water. It can help you to find the locations where certain species congregate or know better where your bait is in relation to the fish in the water.

A modern fish finder is a basic small computer with special software designed specifically shows you what’s happening under the water. The sound waves bounce off of objects and fish, and the readout shows that where they bounce back from.

Not all fishermen are technology savvy, so it’s nothing unexpected that many people don’t understand the fish finder basics. The fish finder manufacturers should do a better job instructing their customers.

How to Use a Fish Finder and How To Read a Fish Finder.

Identifying Fish

The first thing you have to learn is how to identify fish. This technology converts the raw data received from the water into a user-friendly interface to help you explain what is below you.

1. Fish Icons

Fish icons are a helpful tool when you are getting started with a sonar device. Your fishfinder interprets the sonar data it receives and tries to find out if it is a fish or not. It’s work based on factors like the size of the object and the strength of the sonar return.

Fish swim at different speeds, in different ways through the sonar cone your fishfinder sends. It doesn’t mean that one uniform reading they always give. Sometimes many underwater objects or vegetation may give readings similar to that of a fish. So for the best accuracy using your fish finder, you have to figure out how to interpret the data yourself.

Fish Arches

If you have an arch fish finder, then hope to be receiving lines and arches from the transducer. This will save your time once you understand how it works.

They show fish as arches more clearly than Fish IDs. So when this fish finder shows bigger arches, it means it has detected a big fish. And when it shows small arches that mean it found a small fish. Though it might be a hassle trying to find out the rocks and plants. But with the time you’ll get the idea of how to use and understand your fish finder.

2. Judging fish size

Now you have spotted some fish arches, it’s a great opportunity to understand what each arch tells us about how big the fish is. As earlier we said, a bigger arch means a bigger fish. But there’s more to this as this may not be the case in every time. We are going to inspect this based on the thickness, width, and fullness of the arches.

Fish Arch Width

So, if the fish finder doesn’t show you the original length of a fish, can it then show you the arch width? Yes, you’re probably going to get the actual size of the fish is you look at the width of the fish arch.

Always consider the thickness of the arch instead of the size. If the fish finder gives a return of a full arch, then it is probably going to be a big fish. So if you get a return of school of fish of a similar size, you can easily spot out the biggest one with the thickest size.

Half Or Full Fish Arches

The arches on your fish finder can either be half or full arches. Your fish finder screen will show a full arch if the fish swims to the whole sonar cone. But it will display a half arch if the fish swims through part of the sonar cone.

The most important thing to remember is that a half arch doesn’t necessarily mean a small fish. There are still high possibilities it could be a big fish. So, the size of the arch doesn’t show whether it is a big or small fish. We suggest you keep an eye on the thickness of the arch.

Finding Baitfish on Your fish Finder

Baitfish will show on your display as dashes, lines or even just dots, so they can sometimes seem like vegetation. There are 3 key differences though:

  1. The baitfish will usually be suspended in the water, not on the bottom.
  2. Your fish finder will show baitfish in a different color to vegetation.
  3. The baitfish will often be in balls, which will then be indicated like a cloud or cluster, rather than lines.

Finding a Trophy Fish on Your Fish Finder Display

The best way to find a trophy fish is to look at the previous tip we dropped earlier. Always look at the thickness or width of the fish arch that how you can find a bigger fish. It doesn’t really make any difference if the arch is full or half.

3. Identifying Different Types of Underwater Structure

If you understand the sonar and interpret the display, you will be able to read the depth, determine the bottom contour of the underwater structure. And a cool feature that gives you a wide view of this is the depth finder feature.

The depth finder on a transducer gives you a clear view of the depth of the water underneath your boat. It also lets you know the type of fish to expect in that river. Generally, the depth finder feature can easily be seen in most fish finders on the top left corner of the screen.

Besides this, the depth finder feature does a fair job of showing you water temperature to help you know the type of fish you’re going to catch.

Vegetation And Weeds

There are times you will need to choose areas with vegetation and plants as your potential areas to cast. Just like looking for logs, your fish finder will show a spotter return or vertical lines on your fish finder screen when you bump in areas with vegetation.

Depressions

Particularly for carp fishing, small depressions will be an ideal feature to target. Frequently these depressions are created by the fish themselves. Spotting them with your fish finder is not difficult just lookout for small, v-shaped dips in the bottom contour as you reel or troll.

Points 

Points are slower than drop-offs, but spotting them is easy. Ensure you maintain a steady speed when trolling or reeling so you get an accurate reading on how steep the incline is. You should scan with a narrow sonar beam to get the clearest reading and to ensure you see any shelves or humps which wider beam scanning probably won’t get.

4. Judging Bottom Type and Hardness

Whatever species you are hunting, knowing the hardness of the lake bottom and its consistency is another key piece of knowledge when you are trying to crack the code and get the fish biting. There are 3 factors to consider when working out if the bottom displayed on your fish finder is hard or soft: bottom color, bottom thickness, and the presence of a 2nd bottom return or not.

Thickness

When your fish finder returns, a stronger echo, it then displays a thicker, bold line. That means, the bottom of the water it encounters is less porous and a lot harder. But what about if the transducer shows a thin, light line? Then it is showing you a softer water bottom like dirt.

Color and 2nd Returns

Another thing you have to understand about fishfinders is they do come in either color or Grayscale. Models with colored fish finder will show high and dark colors if the echoes returned by the transducer are powerful. In other words, if the transducer returns a stronger echo, then the fish finder will show a stronger or darker color.

Final Words

By using a fish finder you can easily find what kind of fish you’re looking for. Many ways that a fish finder shows you the fish and floor of a body of water below you or around you will require you to spend a little bit of time out the water practicing with the tool. However, you’ll quickly be able to get the hang of it with a little bit of time.

In the end, all we can say is that fish finders are relatively easy to use. Now you know how it works and how to read a fish finder. If you are a beginner you will need some time to get use it but all of this is incredibly simple and easy to use. If you have any questions please let us know through the comment section.

Source link: https://montemlife.com/how-to-read-a-fish-finder/ by k u at montemlife.com

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Why You Need A Generator TODAY

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In any survival scenario, having a reliable source of electrical power can significantly enhance your ability to weather emergencies and sustain your family’s well-being. While there are various ways to generate and store electricity, one of the most critical components for survivalists is a generator. Here, we’ll explore different methods of generating power and emphasize the importance of having a generator as part of your survival strategy.

The Importance of Electrical Power in Survival Situations

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Electricity is often taken for granted until it’s no longer available. In a survival situation, power outages can disrupt essential services, including communication, refrigeration, heating, and medical equipment. Having a reliable power source can mean the difference between a manageable situation and a crisis. Here’s why electrical power is crucial:

Communication

Maintaining communication with the outside world during an emergency is vital. Powering radios, cell phones, and other communication devices allows you to stay informed and reach out for help if needed.

Food Preservation

Electricity is essential for running refrigerators and freezers, which keep your food supplies from spoiling. This is particularly important when you’ve stockpiled perishable items or rely on a homegrown food supply.

Heating and Cooling

In extreme weather conditions, having the ability to heat or cool your living space is crucial for comfort and safety. Powering fans, heaters, or air conditioning units can help maintain a livable environment.

Medical Equipment

For those with medical needs, having a reliable power source to run medical equipment such as oxygen concentrators, CPAP machines, and other devices is non-negotiable.

Different Ways to Generate Electrical Power

Several methods can be employed to generate electrical power, each with its advantages and limitations. Here’s an overview of some common options:

Solar Power

Solar power is a popular choice among survivalists due to its sustainability and low environmental impact. Solar panels convert sunlight into electricity, which can be stored in batteries for later use. While solar power is an excellent long-term solution, it’s dependent on sunlight availability and requires a significant initial investment.

Wind Power

Wind turbines generate electricity by harnessing wind energy. This method can be effective in areas with consistent wind patterns. However, like solar power, wind energy is weather-dependent and requires specific conditions to be viable.

Hydropower

If you have access to a flowing water source, a micro-hydro system can generate electricity by utilizing the kinetic energy of flowing water. This method is highly reliable but limited to locations with suitable water sources.

The Critical Role of Generators

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While renewable energy sources like solar and wind are excellent for long-term sustainability, having a generator is crucial for immediate and reliable power during emergencies. Here’s why a generator is essential for survivalists:

Reliability and Immediate Power Supply

Generators provide a reliable and immediate source of power regardless of weather conditions. Unlike solar panels or wind turbines, generators can produce electricity on demand, ensuring that you have power when you need it most.

Versatility

Generators are highly versatile and can power a wide range of devices, from small electronics to larger appliances like refrigerators, heaters, and medical equipment. This versatility makes them invaluable during power outages or emergencies.

Ease of Use

Modern generators are designed for ease of use, with straightforward setup and operation. Portable generators, in particular, are easy to transport and can be used in various locations, making them a flexible solution for survivalists.

Choosing the Right Generator

Selecting the right generator for your needs is crucial. Here are some factors to consider:

Power Output

Determine the power output you need by calculating the wattage of the devices you plan to run simultaneously. Generators come in different sizes, so choose one that can handle your power requirements without overloading.

Fuel Type

Generators can run on several different fuels, including gasoline, diesel, propane, and natural gas. Consider the availability and storage requirements of the fuel type you choose. Propane and natural gas are often preferred for their longer shelf life and cleaner burning.

Portability

If you anticipate needing to move your generator frequently, a portable model is a good choice. Portable generators are easier to transport and store.

Maintaining Your Generator

Proper maintenance of your generator ensures it will be ready to perform when you need it. Regularly check and change the oil, keep the fuel tank clean, and test-run the generator periodically to ensure it’s in good working order. Store your generator in a dry, accessible location and keep extra fuel and necessary parts on hand.

Conclusion

For survivalists, having a reliable source of electrical power is not just a convenience—it’s a necessity. While renewable energy sources like solar and wind power are excellent long-term solutions, the importance of having a generator cannot be overstated. Generators provide immediate, reliable power in any situation, ensuring you can maintain communication, preserve food, regulate temperature, and power essential medical equipment. By selecting the right generator and maintaining it properly, you can enhance your preparedness and ensure your family’s safety and comfort during any emergency.

 

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Outdoor Survival Skills

BREAKING: Donald Trump Survives Assassination Attempt!

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(FamilySurvival.com) – Donald Trump was whisked off the stage at a rally in Butler, Pennsylvania, after apparent gunshots rang through the crowd.

 

Trump was showing off a chart of border crossing numbers when shots started ringing through the crowd. Trump could be seen reaching with his right hand toward his neck. There appeared to be blood on his face.

 

 

He quickly ducked behind the riser as agents from his protective detail rushed the stage, and screams rang out from the crowd. The shots continued as agents tended to him on stage.

 

 

His motorcade has left the venue. His condition was not immediately known.

 

This is a developing story.

 

Copyright 2024. FamilySurvival.com

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Be Prepared: Surviving a Total Loss of Fresh Water Supply

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If there’s one thing every prepper knows, it’s that disaster can strike at any moment. This can lead to significant disruptions in your daily life, such as a water shortage. Whether it’s a short-term issue like a frozen pipe or a long-term crisis like a total loss of fresh water supply, being prepared is crucial. Understanding the causes and knowing how to respond can make all the difference.

Types of No-Water Emergencies

Several occurrences can lead to water contamination or a complete lack of running water. Here are some common scenarios:

  • Broken Pipe: Broken pipes can occur due to aging infrastructure, extreme weather conditions, or accidental damage. When a pipe bursts, it can result in the loss of access to clean, running water and potentially cause significant water damage to your property.
  • Contaminated Water: Chemical spills, sewage backups, and other forms of pollution can render water supplies unsafe. Even if the water appears clear, it might be contaminated and unfit for drinking, cooking, or hygiene.
  • Frozen Water: In regions with harsh winters, frozen pipes are a common issue. When temperatures drop below freezing, water inside the pipes can freeze, causing the pipes to burst. This can lead to significant water damage and loss of running water.

How to Survive Without Clean or Running Water

While water outages are typically short-term in developed countries, extended periods without access to clean water can occur. Here are some essential tips to ensure your family’s survival during such times:

Stock Up on Bottled or Jugged Water: Always expect the unexpected. The general recommendation is to have at least 1 gallon of water per person per day. For a family of four, this means at least 28 gallons per week for drinking, cooking, and hygiene.

Have an Alternate Water Source: In case of long-term water outages, having an alternative water source can be lifesaving. Options include:

  • Well: If feasible, drilling a well can provide a reliable source of groundwater. However, well construction and maintenance are complex and may require professional assistance.
  • Rainwater Collection: Setting up a rainwater harvesting system can help you capture and store precipitation for later use. Ensure that your collection surfaces are clean and have a method to filter and purify the water before use.
  • Local Freshwater Source: Natural water sources like streams, rivers, lakes, or ponds can be used, but must be treated and purified to remove pathogens and impurities.
  • Filled Bathtub/Sinks: During imminent water crises, fill bathtubs and sinks to store additional water.
  • Proper Water Storage and Conservation: Invest in high-quality water storage containers and keep them in a cool, dark place. Use food-grade barrels, tanks, or jerry cans. Also, practice water conservation by using water efficiently and recycling greywater where possible.

Water Purification Methods

Having multiple water purification methods is essential for ensuring access to safe drinking water. Here are some methods to consider:

  • Drops/Tablets: Chlorine, bleach, or iodine tablets can be added to water to kill microorganisms. Follow the instructions carefully for effectiveness and safety.
  • Boiling Method: Boiling water for at least one minute (three minutes at higher altitudes) is one of the simplest ways to purify water.
  • Multimedia Filters: Filters using activated carbon, charcoal, or reverse osmosis technology can remove contaminants, including heavy metals and microorganisms.
  • LifeStraw: This modern product can filter up to 4,000 liters of water, making it a practical tool for emergency water purification.
  • Liquid Chlorine/Bleach: Use suitable chlorine or bleach products for water purification. Ensure that you follow guidelines to avoid health risks.
  • Desalinator: For those living near the ocean, a desalinator can convert seawater into potable water through reverse osmosis.

Practical Tips for Water Use

Knowing how to use each water source efficiently is vital. Here are some tips:

  • Drinking: Allocate a strict daily water intake to ensure hydration. Mark water levels on bottles or jugs to control usage.
  • Cleaning: Use disinfecting wipes and sanitizing sprays to maintain cleanliness when water is scarce.
  • Bathing: Utilize sponge baths, outdoor showers, or waterless cleaning products to maintain personal hygiene.
  • Non-Potable Uses: Assess the quality of available non-potable water sources and use them for tasks like toilet flushing and clothes washing.
  • Emergency Cases: Keep clean water available for treating injuries, using products like disinfectant wipes, alcohol, and clean towels.
  • Extreme Use Cases: Hidden/Forgotten Water Sources
  • Water Heater: In an emergency, your water heater can be a valuable source of water. Properly drain the heater to access the water inside.
  • Pool Water: With proper treatment and purification, pool water can be used for various needs during a crisis.
  • Oxygenate Flat Tasting Water: Improve the taste of stored water by using agitation, aeration, mechanical devices, or adding small amounts of hydrogen peroxide.

The loss of fresh water, whether short-term or long-term, can pose significant challenges. By stocking up on water, having alternative sources, and knowing how to purify and use water efficiently, you can ensure your family’s survival during a water crisis. Start preparing today—before it’s too late.

How prepared are you for a water emergency? Share your thoughts and tips in the comments below and help others learn how to stay safe and hydrated in times of crisis.

 

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