Connect with us

Outdoor Survival Skills

Knowing How To Properly Melt Snow During A Winter Emergency Can Save Your Life

Published

on

icicles-drop-melt-water-close-snow

Winter survival is no joke. You’re fighting against all the same elements of man and nature you would be during the spring, summer, and fall… except now it’s 20 degrees out at high noon and there’s snow falling a foot at a time making everything even more difficult.

Of course, one of the most basic challenges of any survival effort is making sure you have enough water. You can go a lot longer without food than you can without water. Fortunately, the winter months can provide a long-lasting, ready-made source of water in the form of snow. The problem is that melting and drinking snow isn’t as simple as… well, melting and drinking snow. 

The Challenges Of Drinking Snow

Snow is frozen, water, sure. Still, there are problems that come with drinking melted snow. None of these are insurmountable challenges, but they do come with life-or-death consequences if you misjudge things. So here’s what you need to be thinking about if you’re thinking about drinking some snow:

  • Purity: All jokes about “not eating the yellow snow” aside, snow can contain a number of impurities from the atmosphere it falls through as well as the surface it lands on. All of this can make it unsafe for you and your family to drink. 
  • Yield: Snow isn’t going to be as hydrating as you might think. All told, there’s not a ton of water inside of snow. So you need to be mindful of the fact that you’re probably not getting as much hydration as you might like.
  • Body Temperature: Drinking snow when it’s too cold (or worse, simply eating it) can have serious consequences on your body’s core temperature that can quickly turn deadly. 
  • Energy Requirements: You’re going to need a heat source to melt snow and that requires energy… something that can be in short supply in any survival scenario. 

The Risk of Contaminants

Contaminants are a serious risk when it comes to snow. There are airborne pollutants to worry about, but also microorganisms that can live in the snow and make you sick. It’s important to address both of these concerns when purifying your snow water

Chemical pollutants are more a thing to be avoided than a thing to be taken out. So avoid collecting your snow near industrial areas or places known for their heavy traffic. These areas are far more likely to have snow containing heavy metals and other industrial chemical pollutants. 

Beyond chemical industrial pollutants, there’s the very real issue of microorganisms in the snow. Generally, snow is free of such contaminants, but it can acquire them, usually through surface contact. This is why it’s important not just to melt the snow, but to boil it, removing all the pollutants. 

Proper snow collection begins with location selection. Again, you want to avoid potentially contaminated areas. Then you want to scrape off the top layer of snow, which is the one most likely to contain these potentially deadly impurities.

Melting Your Snow For Survival

It goes without saying that melting snow requires some kind of a heat source. Even in a survival situation, where the grid has entirely collapsed (and civilization along with it), you’re going to have a few options for turning your snow into drinkable water

  • Portable Stoves: Camping stoves are a helpful, though not strictly speaking, necessary part of any bugout bag.
  • Campfire: Campfires might be your best option, as they can be built just about anywhere with light and portable tools.
  • Solar Melting: It’s not the quickest method, you might have trouble getting it to a boiling point and you’re going to need some sunshine. But you can, in a pinch, melt snow using the reflective power of the sun.

Don’t Die For A Drink: Purifying Your Melted Snow

Once the snow has been melted you’re going to need to, at the very least, filter it. Purification with tablets or through boiling is a better option, but filtration is absolutely better than nothing. 

Hand-held water filters are cheap and readily available just about anywhere these days. What’s more, they’re highly effective at removing bacteria and protozoa from the water, which makes your chances of ingesting some debilitating or deadly parasite much better than simply drinking whatever you’ve managed to heat up to room temperature.

Water purification tablets and drops are likewise easy to come by and inexpensive these days.

Both of these are great, but at the risk of belaboring the point, nothing is going to do quite the job that boiling will. 

If you find yourself in a winter survival scenario, be it getting lost in the woods on a ski trip or facing down the end of the world as we know it, knowing how to properly and safely melt and then purify snow for drinking water is one of the most valuable skills you can possess. What’s more, it’s not a difficult one to acquire at all, making the investment of time and energy versus the reward an absolute no-brainer. 

Do you have any other secrets about staying hydrated in a winter survival scenario? Share your knowledge in the thoughts below. 

(Visited 758 times, 1 visits today)
Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Featured

Why You Need A Generator TODAY

Published

on

female-hand-starts-portable-electric-generator

In any survival scenario, having a reliable source of electrical power can significantly enhance your ability to weather emergencies and sustain your family’s well-being. While there are various ways to generate and store electricity, one of the most critical components for survivalists is a generator. Here, we’ll explore different methods of generating power and emphasize the importance of having a generator as part of your survival strategy.

The Importance of Electrical Power in Survival Situations

power-grid-station-electrical-distribution-transformers

Electricity is often taken for granted until it’s no longer available. In a survival situation, power outages can disrupt essential services, including communication, refrigeration, heating, and medical equipment. Having a reliable power source can mean the difference between a manageable situation and a crisis. Here’s why electrical power is crucial:

Communication

Maintaining communication with the outside world during an emergency is vital. Powering radios, cell phones, and other communication devices allows you to stay informed and reach out for help if needed.

Food Preservation

Electricity is essential for running refrigerators and freezers, which keep your food supplies from spoiling. This is particularly important when you’ve stockpiled perishable items or rely on a homegrown food supply.

Heating and Cooling

In extreme weather conditions, having the ability to heat or cool your living space is crucial for comfort and safety. Powering fans, heaters, or air conditioning units can help maintain a livable environment.

Medical Equipment

For those with medical needs, having a reliable power source to run medical equipment such as oxygen concentrators, CPAP machines, and other devices is non-negotiable.

Different Ways to Generate Electrical Power

Several methods can be employed to generate electrical power, each with its advantages and limitations. Here’s an overview of some common options:

Solar Power

Solar power is a popular choice among survivalists due to its sustainability and low environmental impact. Solar panels convert sunlight into electricity, which can be stored in batteries for later use. While solar power is an excellent long-term solution, it’s dependent on sunlight availability and requires a significant initial investment.

Wind Power

Wind turbines generate electricity by harnessing wind energy. This method can be effective in areas with consistent wind patterns. However, like solar power, wind energy is weather-dependent and requires specific conditions to be viable.

Hydropower

If you have access to a flowing water source, a micro-hydro system can generate electricity by utilizing the kinetic energy of flowing water. This method is highly reliable but limited to locations with suitable water sources.

The Critical Role of Generators

power-generator-standing-garden-on-pavement

While renewable energy sources like solar and wind are excellent for long-term sustainability, having a generator is crucial for immediate and reliable power during emergencies. Here’s why a generator is essential for survivalists:

Reliability and Immediate Power Supply

Generators provide a reliable and immediate source of power regardless of weather conditions. Unlike solar panels or wind turbines, generators can produce electricity on demand, ensuring that you have power when you need it most.

Versatility

Generators are highly versatile and can power a wide range of devices, from small electronics to larger appliances like refrigerators, heaters, and medical equipment. This versatility makes them invaluable during power outages or emergencies.

Ease of Use

Modern generators are designed for ease of use, with straightforward setup and operation. Portable generators, in particular, are easy to transport and can be used in various locations, making them a flexible solution for survivalists.

Choosing the Right Generator

Selecting the right generator for your needs is crucial. Here are some factors to consider:

Power Output

Determine the power output you need by calculating the wattage of the devices you plan to run simultaneously. Generators come in different sizes, so choose one that can handle your power requirements without overloading.

Fuel Type

Generators can run on several different fuels, including gasoline, diesel, propane, and natural gas. Consider the availability and storage requirements of the fuel type you choose. Propane and natural gas are often preferred for their longer shelf life and cleaner burning.

Portability

If you anticipate needing to move your generator frequently, a portable model is a good choice. Portable generators are easier to transport and store.

Maintaining Your Generator

Proper maintenance of your generator ensures it will be ready to perform when you need it. Regularly check and change the oil, keep the fuel tank clean, and test-run the generator periodically to ensure it’s in good working order. Store your generator in a dry, accessible location and keep extra fuel and necessary parts on hand.

Conclusion

For survivalists, having a reliable source of electrical power is not just a convenience—it’s a necessity. While renewable energy sources like solar and wind power are excellent long-term solutions, the importance of having a generator cannot be overstated. Generators provide immediate, reliable power in any situation, ensuring you can maintain communication, preserve food, regulate temperature, and power essential medical equipment. By selecting the right generator and maintaining it properly, you can enhance your preparedness and ensure your family’s safety and comfort during any emergency.

 

Continue Reading

Outdoor Survival Skills

BREAKING: Donald Trump Survives Assassination Attempt!

Published

on

(FamilySurvival.com) – Donald Trump was whisked off the stage at a rally in Butler, Pennsylvania, after apparent gunshots rang through the crowd.

 

Trump was showing off a chart of border crossing numbers when shots started ringing through the crowd. Trump could be seen reaching with his right hand toward his neck. There appeared to be blood on his face.

 

 

He quickly ducked behind the riser as agents from his protective detail rushed the stage, and screams rang out from the crowd. The shots continued as agents tended to him on stage.

 

 

His motorcade has left the venue. His condition was not immediately known.

 

This is a developing story.

 

Copyright 2024. FamilySurvival.com

Continue Reading

Featured

Be Prepared: Surviving a Total Loss of Fresh Water Supply

Published

on

hand-under-flowing-water-blue-outdoor

If there’s one thing every prepper knows, it’s that disaster can strike at any moment. This can lead to significant disruptions in your daily life, such as a water shortage. Whether it’s a short-term issue like a frozen pipe or a long-term crisis like a total loss of fresh water supply, being prepared is crucial. Understanding the causes and knowing how to respond can make all the difference.

Types of No-Water Emergencies

Several occurrences can lead to water contamination or a complete lack of running water. Here are some common scenarios:

  • Broken Pipe: Broken pipes can occur due to aging infrastructure, extreme weather conditions, or accidental damage. When a pipe bursts, it can result in the loss of access to clean, running water and potentially cause significant water damage to your property.
  • Contaminated Water: Chemical spills, sewage backups, and other forms of pollution can render water supplies unsafe. Even if the water appears clear, it might be contaminated and unfit for drinking, cooking, or hygiene.
  • Frozen Water: In regions with harsh winters, frozen pipes are a common issue. When temperatures drop below freezing, water inside the pipes can freeze, causing the pipes to burst. This can lead to significant water damage and loss of running water.

How to Survive Without Clean or Running Water

While water outages are typically short-term in developed countries, extended periods without access to clean water can occur. Here are some essential tips to ensure your family’s survival during such times:

Stock Up on Bottled or Jugged Water: Always expect the unexpected. The general recommendation is to have at least 1 gallon of water per person per day. For a family of four, this means at least 28 gallons per week for drinking, cooking, and hygiene.

Have an Alternate Water Source: In case of long-term water outages, having an alternative water source can be lifesaving. Options include:

  • Well: If feasible, drilling a well can provide a reliable source of groundwater. However, well construction and maintenance are complex and may require professional assistance.
  • Rainwater Collection: Setting up a rainwater harvesting system can help you capture and store precipitation for later use. Ensure that your collection surfaces are clean and have a method to filter and purify the water before use.
  • Local Freshwater Source: Natural water sources like streams, rivers, lakes, or ponds can be used, but must be treated and purified to remove pathogens and impurities.
  • Filled Bathtub/Sinks: During imminent water crises, fill bathtubs and sinks to store additional water.
  • Proper Water Storage and Conservation: Invest in high-quality water storage containers and keep them in a cool, dark place. Use food-grade barrels, tanks, or jerry cans. Also, practice water conservation by using water efficiently and recycling greywater where possible.

Water Purification Methods

Having multiple water purification methods is essential for ensuring access to safe drinking water. Here are some methods to consider:

  • Drops/Tablets: Chlorine, bleach, or iodine tablets can be added to water to kill microorganisms. Follow the instructions carefully for effectiveness and safety.
  • Boiling Method: Boiling water for at least one minute (three minutes at higher altitudes) is one of the simplest ways to purify water.
  • Multimedia Filters: Filters using activated carbon, charcoal, or reverse osmosis technology can remove contaminants, including heavy metals and microorganisms.
  • LifeStraw: This modern product can filter up to 4,000 liters of water, making it a practical tool for emergency water purification.
  • Liquid Chlorine/Bleach: Use suitable chlorine or bleach products for water purification. Ensure that you follow guidelines to avoid health risks.
  • Desalinator: For those living near the ocean, a desalinator can convert seawater into potable water through reverse osmosis.

Practical Tips for Water Use

Knowing how to use each water source efficiently is vital. Here are some tips:

  • Drinking: Allocate a strict daily water intake to ensure hydration. Mark water levels on bottles or jugs to control usage.
  • Cleaning: Use disinfecting wipes and sanitizing sprays to maintain cleanliness when water is scarce.
  • Bathing: Utilize sponge baths, outdoor showers, or waterless cleaning products to maintain personal hygiene.
  • Non-Potable Uses: Assess the quality of available non-potable water sources and use them for tasks like toilet flushing and clothes washing.
  • Emergency Cases: Keep clean water available for treating injuries, using products like disinfectant wipes, alcohol, and clean towels.
  • Extreme Use Cases: Hidden/Forgotten Water Sources
  • Water Heater: In an emergency, your water heater can be a valuable source of water. Properly drain the heater to access the water inside.
  • Pool Water: With proper treatment and purification, pool water can be used for various needs during a crisis.
  • Oxygenate Flat Tasting Water: Improve the taste of stored water by using agitation, aeration, mechanical devices, or adding small amounts of hydrogen peroxide.

The loss of fresh water, whether short-term or long-term, can pose significant challenges. By stocking up on water, having alternative sources, and knowing how to purify and use water efficiently, you can ensure your family’s survival during a water crisis. Start preparing today—before it’s too late.

How prepared are you for a water emergency? Share your thoughts and tips in the comments below and help others learn how to stay safe and hydrated in times of crisis.

 

Continue Reading

Trending