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Prepping the Homestead for Fall – Checklist

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Fall is peak harvest season, which means your days will be busy harvesting and preparing for the frigid winter months. You’re going to be go, go, go – prepping the homestead for fall, so you want to take advantage of this time. 

Use this list of things to do when prepping the homestead for fall. 

A person pulling carrots from the ground in their garden.

Prepare the Garden

These weeks will likely be some of your best all year. That’s why it is necessary to work in the garden every day.

Not only will the temperatures be ideal for working the garden, but there will also be plenty to do to keep you busy. 

  • Test your soil. Fall is the ideal time to test the soil. According to Ohio State University, “1) soils often have an ideal moisture range that makes sampling easy, 2) it gives producers ample time to apply fertilizer or lime before the next crop, and 3) it helps ensure spring planting will not be delayed.”
  • Plant fast-growing root crops for fall harvest. Now is the time to plant fast-growing root crops, such as radishes, beets, carrots, and turnips. These crops can begin while the soil is still warm but continue to grow when the soil is cool. 
  • Transplant or direct seed gardening crops. Depending on your USDA zone, it may be time for you to transplant or direct seed your fall and winter crops.
  • Direct seed greens. This is the ideal time to direct seed greens, such as kale, Swiss chard, and lettuce, for the fall. 
  • Stop watering dry beans. Allow dry beans to dry on the plant. Then, harvest and shell them for dry storage. 

[Related Read: Month-by-Month Winter Homestead To-Do List]

Cows grazing in a pasture.

Prepare the Animals

We can’t talk about prepping the homestead for fall without mentioning livestock and other animals.

You should continue caring for your homestead animals as usual. 

However, if you raise animals for food on your homestead, it’s time to make some difficult decisions.

  • Perform a midsummer cull. If you have females that aren’t performing, fattening, or reproducing as you’d like, consider sending them to auction or the processor. This is a way to provide enough pasture through the colder months for your remaining animals. 
  • Start meat chickens. If you want to butcher chickens for meat in the fall, it is time to start chicks. You want to have around 8 to 12 weeks before you plan to process them. 

Prepare the Food Supply

We are approaching peak harvest season.

You don’t want any of the fruit and vegetables you worked so hard for to go to waste.

This means the next few weeks will entail lots of harvesting and preserving food. 

  • Harvest fruit. Summer fruits are ripe for picking. Begin the process of picking them and preserving them. 
  • Harvest storage crops. Storage crops, such as potatoes and other root vegetables, are those that you can store and enjoy during the cold winter months. Now is the time to start harvesting them and preparing to store them for the winter.
  • Can tomatoes. It’s tomato season. Use these few weeks to get the most out of fresh tomatoes, such as making sauces and canning small batches. 
  • Enjoy apple season. September is the start of apple season. Pick plenty of apples to store and enjoy through the winter. 
  • Preserve food. As you continue to harvest fruits and vegetables, use different means to preserve food, such as canning, freezing, and dehydrating, to keep your family fed in the upcoming months. 

[Related Read: How to Preserve Eggs for Winter]

A man chopping firewood on the homestead in preparation for colder weather.

Prepare the Home and Land

When it is not too hot and not too cold, you want to complete as many projects as you can that may be affected by the weather.

  • Prepare for fall projects. Take time to consider your fall plans. What do you want to grow? Buy seeds now. What new skill do you want to learn? Check out library books. What new animals do you want to introduce to the homestead? Start researching. Think long-term. What needs to be accomplished before the first frost? Use the answers to these questions to plan for fall projects. 
  • Harvest herbs. It’s time to harvest and prep herbs such as parsley, rosemary, and mint. It is also the time when you can forage medicinal herbs, such as dandelion and mallow. 
  • Make herbal remedies. Cold and flu season are on the way. With that in mind, it is time to use the herbs you have to make herbal tinctures and harvest elderberries for elderberry syrup. 
  • Stock up on firewood. While the weather is ideal, stock up on firewood. It is much easier to chop wood and pile it in the woodshed when it is cool (not hot and not cold). You don’t want the wintry weather to sneak up on you and not have enough firewood to keep you warm. 
  • Work on outdoor building projects. If you have to do any outdoor repairs, such as mending fences, patching roofs, or fixing chicken coops, do it while the weather is right. 

Ready your greenhouse. See How to Get Your Greenhouse Winter-Ready.

Source link: https://survivaljack.com/2023/08/prepping-the-homestead-for-fall-checklist/ by Survival Jane at survivaljack.com

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Building a Wind-Powered Water Pump for Efficient Irrigation

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Embracing renewable energy on the homestead, particularly wind power, can revolutionize your irrigation system.

This comprehensive guide will walk you through designing a wind-powered water pump, a sustainable solution for your irrigation needs. By harnessing the wind, you can efficiently water your crops, reduce energy costs, and contribute to environmental conservation.

A young girl blowing on a colorful pinwheel.

The Basics of Wind-Powered Irrigation

Understanding how a wind-powered water pump works is the first step. Unlike electric pumps, these systems use the mechanical energy generated by wind turning the blades of a windmill. This motion drives a pump—usually a reciprocating piston pump—to draw water from a source like a well or pond and direct it to your irrigation system.

Choosing the Right Location:

  • Wind Assessment: Use an anemometer to measure wind speed over a period to ensure the location gets consistent wind.
  • Elevation: Higher elevations typically receive more wind. A clear, unobstructed area is crucial for maximum wind exposure.
  • Proximity: The closer your windmill is to the water source, the more efficient the water pumping will be.
  • Accessibility: Ensure the site is accessible for maintenance and repairs.

Related Read: 18 Energy-Saving Hacks for the Homestead

Selecting the Windmill:

  • Size Considerations: Larger windmills can pump more water, but require stronger winds. Assess your daily water needs for livestock, irrigation, and other tasks to determine the best size.
  • Type of Windmill: American-style, multi-blade windmills are ideal for low-to-moderate wind speeds. Plus, they are durable. For higher wind areas, consider a wind turbine-style windmill.
  • Material: Look for corrosion-resistant materials, especially if you live in a humid or salty environment.

Pump Selection:

  • Matching Pump to Windmill: The pump’s capacity should align with your windmill’s power output. A larger windmill can support a pump with a higher water output.
  • Pump Type: Reciprocating piston pumps are common and effective for various depths. For deeper wells, consider a deep-well piston pump.
  • Suction Capacity: Ensure the pump can effectively draw water from your source. The maximum suction lift for most surface pumps is about 25 feet.

Learn more about water management in our guide on Homestead Water Systems.

An old farmer connecting irrigation lines in a field.

Constructing the Wind-Powered Water Pump

Building the Tower:

  • Height: The tower should be tall enough to ensure the windmill clears nearby obstructions by at least 15 feet.
  • Materials: Use galvanized steel or treated wood for durability. The structure must be strong enough to support the windmill’s weight and withstand wind forces.
  • Foundation: A solid foundation is crucial. Concrete is commonly used to anchor the tower securely.

Installing the Windmill:

  • Assembly: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for assembling the windmill on the ground.
  • Hoisting: Use a crane or pulley system to lift the windmill onto the tower. This is often a two-person job.
  • Orientation: The windmill should freely rotate to face the wind. Check that all moving parts are well-lubricated and move smoothly.

Connecting the Pump:

  • Mechanical Connection: Connect the windmill to the pump using a rod or shaft. This transfers the rotational energy to the pump.
  • Piping: Install pipes from the pump to your water source and to the irrigation system. Use durable, weather-resistant piping.

Setting Up the Irrigation System:

  • System Type: Choose between drip irrigation, sprinklers, or soaker hoses based on your crop needs.
  • Layout: Design the irrigation layout for even water distribution. Consider the topography of your land.
  • Connection: Connect the output pipe from the pump to your irrigation system. Include a shut-off valve for control.
Large water storage tanks standing on a farm.

Maximizing Efficiency and Sustainability

Regular Maintenance:

  • Inspection Schedule: Conduct regular inspections of the windmill, tower, and pump. Look for rust, wear, and loose components.
  • Lubrication: Regularly lubricate all moving parts to ensure smooth operation.
  • Repairs: Address any issues immediately to prevent further damage.

Water Storage Solutions:

  • Storage Tank: Install a water storage tank to collect excess water. This ensures a continuous water supply during low wind periods.
  • Placement: Place the tank at a higher elevation, if possible, for gravity-fed irrigation.

Check out this guide on choosing water storage tanks.

Smart Irrigation Practices:

  • Water Conservation: Use mulching and soil moisture sensors to reduce water waste.
  • Timing: Irrigate during cooler parts of the day to minimize evaporation.
  • Monitoring: Regularly check the system for leaks or blockages.

Related Read: Gravity Fed Irrigation for Your Garden

Source link: https://survivaljack.com/2024/03/wind-powered-water-pump-irrigation/ by Survival Jack at survivaljack.com

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Homestead Automation: Work Smarter – Survival Jack

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Homesteading is a dream come true for many, but that doesn’t mean it’s simple or easy. 

For a homestead to succeed, you have to invest a lot of time and energy.

That’s why it is important to consider automating as much as possible!

When we discuss homestead automation, we’re talking about doing whatever you can to automate things that will make your life easier, cut your chore time in half, and aid you in remembering to do something.

Today, homestead automation tends to involve smart features or using the Internet of Things to control the homestead.

However, homestead automation can also mean building DIY gravity chicken feeders.

The key is building systems that help you do less, such as feeding your chickens.

But that’s not the only reason for homestead automation.

With homestead automation, you can do everything from feeding and watering your animals to irrigating your garden, controlling temperatures inside coops and greenhouses, and protecting your animals and family from predators.

Let’s look at some of the ways homestead automation can make your homestead more efficient.

Automated security spotlights turning on at the presence of a deer.

Automating Security

Security is paramount.

In addition to protecting your family and home from those who could do you harm, automated security features can also protect your animals and garden.

Here are some examples.

  • Chicken doors: An automated chicken door makes raising chickens easier. You can set a time for the door to open and close. This will make it even more difficult for predators to get to your coop during the evening hours. It will also save you time in the mornings.
  • Motion Sensors: Motion sensors around the homestead can also protect your flock from predators. In addition, you can set up automation that not only produces light but also turns on sounds (such as talk radio playing) to deter deer from eating the produce in your garden. 
  • Cameras: You can set up cameras along your homestead property to capture stills at certain times or if triggered by motion sensors. There are also some motion cameras that connect to your smartphone so you can livestream whatever has triggered the camera.
  • Timed Lights: A basic security feature every home should utilize is a timer for lights. These are extremely helpful when you travel to give off the look of someone being at home. 
Cows eating from a feed trough.

Food & Water Automation

There are many daily chores on a homestead.

Imagine if you could avoid some of these daily chores and save time with homestead automation…

One such daily chore that can be automated is feeding and watering your animals.

Rather than feeding your animals daily (or multiple times a day), you can use an automated feed and water system. 

Fortunately, there are numerous ways this can be accomplished.

For example, you can invest in a smart animal feeder that allows you to store several gallons of feed and set a digital timer to release the food at certain times.

Or you can build a DIY chicken feeder that is gravity-released. 

This doesn’t require batteries or a connection to the internet, but it still releases food as needed over the course of several days.

  • Automated Feeders: You can find high-tech app-controlled smart feeders or build your own gravity-released automated feeder. If the smart device is too much for your taste, you can build a feeder that operates with a timed release.
  • Automated Waterers: Animals must always have access to water. You can build an automated DIY chicken watering system or a gravity-released watering system. Typically, these hold several gallons of water so that you can go days without refilling.
  • Stock Tank Floats: Stock tank float valves are an old-fashioned way to automate water systems. The stock tank float controls the water level in stock tanks, troughs, and barrels. When water goes below the float, the valve opens, which allows more water to refill the trough. 

Automating Irrigation Systems

In addition to drinking water for their animals, homesteaders can automate irrigation systems to ensure their crops get the water they need. 

  • Timers for Watering Gardens:  A simple way to automate watering is to use controlled timers. Simply connect water sources/sprinklers to timers and your watering is automated.
  • Irrigation Systems: You can purchase or build an automated irrigation system for your outdoor gardens and your greenhouse, such as hose timers that work with drip irrigation. You can install a gravity-fed irrigation system. There are also smart sprinklers and smart irrigation systems available that allow you to control when you water, how much you water, and more. 
Someone using an app on their phone to turn on their lights.

Homestead Automation for Electricity

If you find yourself spending a lot of time simply turning things on and off around the homestead, you may want to consider automating some of these basic functions using smart plugs.

Smart plugs are power plugs connected to Wi-Fi that act like remote-controlled power switches

With a smart plug, you can control most basic functions using an app. For example, you can install a smart plug inside your chicken coop that allows you to turn on and off the lights as needed. 

Similarly, if you utilize plant lights indoors, you can use smart plugs to control these lights or schedule them to operate at different times. 

You can even use a smart plug to control the air or heat inside different homestead spaces (such as turning on a fan or turning on a brooder light).

Automate Temperature

Temperature is extremely important for homesteads in different areas.

A too-hot greenhouse will result in dead plants. A too-cold water dish will result in dehydration.

[Related Read: Stop Your Livestocks’ Water from Freezing]

Here are some ways you can use automation for temperature control. 

  • Coop Temperature: There are temperature sensors that you can use that will turn off heat lamps when they get too hot and turn lamps on when the temperature gets too cool.
  • Greenhouse Temperature: It is necessary to keep temperatures in greenhouses stable. With smart controls, you can receive notifications when greenhouse temperatures change. You can also automate temperature changes, such as heating up and cooling down when certain temperatures are sensed.
  • Water Dish Heater: You can automate a water heater to turn on when the outside temperature gets below freezing to ensure the water trough doesn’t ice over. 

[Related Read: 25+ Homestead Hacks That Will Make Life Easier]

Source link: https://survivaljack.com/2024/02/homestead-automation-work-smarter/ by Survival Jack at survivaljack.com

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Homestead Financial Planning for the New Year

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Homesteading offers a more free way to live. You are more self-sufficient and less dependent. But, if you don’t do any homestead financial planning, you may not feel as free as you’d like.

If you aren’t careful, your homesteading dreams could lead you into debt instead of freeing you.

The best way to avoid debt and to better your situation is to do a little homestead financial planning at the start of the new year.

Homestead financial planning includes the following steps.

A watering can laying on its side in a dilapidated garden.

Review and Reflect

Before you start making any plans for how to save or spend money in the new year, take some time to pause and reflect.

Think about this past year on the homestead.

  • What worked well? 
  • What failed? 
  • What would you like to do differently? 
  • What was too much work for too little reward? 
  • What could you improve?

Your reflection should drive your goals for the new year.

Release the Joneses

Many homesteaders started homesteading because they wanted to live differently from their peers. 

They wanted to be more self-sufficient and less attached to modern conveniences.

However, even in the homesteading world, there is a heavy dose of “keeping up with the Joneses.”

If you find yourself comparing your homestead to someone else’s, ask yourself why.

While there are certainly times when it is smart to gather ideas from other homesteaders, if you are simply dreaming of bigger and better because of someone else, you’ve missed the mark.

Accept your homestead for what it is.

Stay humble. Live within your means. Buy what you can afford. Save up. 

A chalkboard with

Set Goals

Now that you’ve reflected on the past year and know where you are financially, it’s time to set some goals.

Think about what you’d like to do on the homestead this year. 

  • Do you need to pay down debt?
  • Is there a project on your to-do that is financially possible?
  • Will you add more animals?
  • Can you plant more or try something different in the garden? 

Create a Basic Budget

Once you have some basic goals in mind, it’s time to create a budget. This is a critical step in homestead financial planning you cannot afford to overlook.

Start with making note of what comes in each month. This is your monthly income.

Then, make a note of what comes out. This includes your necessary expenses, such as utilities.

Homesteaders tend to have a few additional necessary expenses, such as additional heating and cooling for the spaces where they keep their animals. 

Start with these:

  • Household expenses
  • Groceries
  • Gardening supplies
  • Feed for animals
  • Heating/cooling
  • Water
  • Livestock

Make a list of all your necessary expenses and estimate the average cost per month. 

Your monthly income should be more than your monthly expenses.

Make Space for Savings

As long as you are bringing more in than what you are spending, there should be some money you can save each month.

Saving money is important.

Prioritize saving for emergencies. They happen – especially on the homestead.

Set aside some money each month until you have a decent emergency fund.

A homesteader prepping wood for a new project.

Prioritize and Plan for Homesteading Projects

Consider your goals for the new year.

You likely have projects you hope to complete. And most projects cost money.

Make a general list like this one:

  • Repairing structures (i.e., mending fences)
  • Improving structures (i.e., adding an automated chicken feeder)
  • Building new structures (i.e., building a barn)

Figure out the estimated cost for each project.

Then, prioritize the list according to your homestead financial plan and needs.

Everyone’s list will look different, and depending on their homestead financial plan, they will decide how to prioritize these projects differently.

Do what makes the most financial sense for you. 

Set Aside Funds for an Annual Maintenance Fund

Speaking of prioritizing projects, whether homesteaders are fixing something that is broken or building something new, there is always money being spent on maintenance.

You’ll never meet a homesteader who isn’t working on a project.

Make prioritizing your project list easier in the future by saving money monthly for maintenance.

Once you have saved enough for an emergency fund, divert savings into an annual maintenance fund. 

Monitor Spending

Anyone can create a budget, but the hard part is sticking to the budget.

However, if you want to meet your goals and build up your savings, you must monitor your spending.

This is the best way to make sure you aren’t overspending.

There are many apps available that make it easy to track spending and follow a budget, such as FarmRaise

If you discover you are coming close to overspending in certain areas or struggling to save for emergencies or annual maintenance, it’s time to look for ways to reduce costs and increase income.

A homesteader selling homegrown produce at a farmer's market.

Identify Additional Income Sources

When you sat down to make your budget for the year, you may have discovered that you are living beyond your means.

This means you are spending more than you are bringing in.

If this is the case, you need to identify additional income sources.

Fortunately, there are many ways you can make extra money on the homestead, such as selling produce from your garden.

See 30 Homestead Side Hustles for more ideas.

Reduce Costs

Unfortunately, sometimes increasing income with a side hustle isn’t enough.

It is also wise to reduce costs.

Heck, it’s always wise to look for ways to cut costs – whether you have plenty or little!

Here are a few ways to cut costs on the homestead:

  • Buy used clothing and equipment.
  • Embrace DIY. Make your own cleaning products, chicken feed, and do your own repairs.
  • Build a bartering system.
  • Look for free building materials for projects. 
  • Borrow from other homesteaders. For example, ask a friend to borrow tools or equipment.
  • Preserve food. Don’t let any food go to waste.
  • Save seeds. If you learn how to save seeds, you won’t need to spend money every growing season on new seeds.
  • Cut extras. Say goodbye to cable or other entertainment services that aren’t necessary.

Review and Adjust the Financial Plan Regularly

Don’t make the mistake of coming up with a homestead financial plan in January and never revisiting it.

Life happens, and things don’t always go as planned.

You may need to readjust your budget. 

For example, if you set a grocery budget and costs skyrocket as they have in years past, you’ll need to make some adjustments.

Your new income stream may bring in more money than anticipated, which will allow you to save more or start working on a larger homesteading project. 

Most importantly, you want to look back over your budget regularly to make sure you are still on track with meeting your goals. 

Source link: https://survivaljack.com/2024/01/homestead-financial-planning-for-the-new-year/ by Survival Jack at survivaljack.com

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