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Top 4 Picks from Expert Marksmen



Coyotes are smart and cunning. Hunting them is a challenge enjoyed by many shooters. Getting an edge on a coyote when hunting is the goal of many hunters. Considering the nocturnal habits of coyotes, a change to a thermal scope makes sense. Many coyote hunters aren’t familiar with thermal scopes, which leads to questions about the best thermal scope for hunting coyotes.

Choosing the best thermal scope can be challenging. Most hunters are aware of how to choose a traditional optical scope for their rifles. However, thermal scopes bring new options, new challenges, and new hunting opportunities. In addition, thermal scopes tend to be higher on the price scale than traditional scopes. Finding the features, you need at a price that fits your budget may be the biggest challenge.

Before you embark on finding and buying a thermal scope, you should educate yourself about thermal scopes. Understanding how these devices work as well as their limitations can result in better decisions. Hearing what other coyote hunters say about the thermal scopes they use can help you discern which thermal coyote hunting scope might fit the bill for you.

Our Choices of Thermal Imaging Scope for Coyote Hunting


Only a handful of companies are making true thermal imaging sights for sale in the United States. Some of these companies manufacture a wide array of thermal imaging scopes suitable for night hunting. Many are differentiated only by the different features included or the pixel count on the screens. We have chosen what we consider to be the best set of options and features for coyote hunting with a thermal scope.

Best Overall Thermal Scope for Coyote Hunting – ATN Thor LT Thermal Rifle Scope

ATN Thor LT Thermal Rifle Scope w/10+hrs Battery & Ultra-Low Power...

ATN is well known for its full line of thermal and night vision scopes. ATN has a proven track record among shooters and hunters for the quality and durability of their scopes. ATN thermal imaging technology is widely used by law enforcement for night operations and many night hunters rely on ATN for their night vision capabilities.

The ATN Thor LT Thermal Rifle Scope brings a set of features and options that perfectly match most coyote hunters’ requirements.  Even at the relatively low price of this ATN scope, you won’t find a better mix of features.

  • The ultra-low power consumption delivers ten plus hours of operation with on battery charge.
  • The Thor LT is one of the lightest weight thermal cameras on the market weighing only 1.4 lbs. (650 g).
  • You can zero your Thor LT with only one shot using the onboard auto-zero function. 
  • Magnification up to 10X without distortion or blurring
  • Features a 320×240 pixel display for excellent visuals
  • 3.54-inch eye relief
  • USB type C charging port
  • Multiple reticle patterns available at a touch of a button

What you may notice missing here is Bluetooth capability. All the functions of this scope are built-in and don’t require a connection to your smartphone. However, you cannot capture or download video with this scope. However, the lightweight and long battery life make the ATN LT Thermal Scope a popular option with coyote hunters.

What Users of the ATN LT Therma Scope Say?

By and large, most ATN LT thermal scope users offer high praise. Comments fall into one of these categories

  • This scope delivers if all you need is a clear, crisp thermal image without all the bells and whistles. 
  • Easy to use, quick to install and set up. The one-shot zero system is fantastic.
  • This scope may be light, but it is tough as nails. I have fired over 1000 rounds with no problems.


  • Long battery life
  • Durable quality construction
  • Good eye relief
  • Lightweight


  • No Bluetooth capability
  • It May not offer the thermal range needed for some long shots

If you are an occasional nighttime coyote hunter, the ATN LT thermal scope may be the best choice for you. The price point on these scopes keeps in within range for more shooters and gives a high level of performance for its price. 


Best Compact Thermal Imaging Scope – AGM Global Vision Rattler Thermal Scope 

AGM Rattler TS25-384 Thermal Imaging RifleScope 12um 384x288

AGM is a leading supplier of thermal imaging devices to the military and law enforcement. The civilian versions of their thermal scopes are becoming more and more popular with night-hunting shooters. The quality of AGM scopes is comparable to thermal scopes, costing three or four times as much.

Many hunters find thermal scopes big and bulky when mounted on their rifles. The need for complex electronics, sensors, and batteries can make these types of scope long, big, and heavy. AGM understands these concerns. The AGM Rattler thermal scope offers an alternative to hunters with these concerns.

The AGM Rattler is much shorter and bulky than most thermal imaging optics. If you are mounting a thermal scope on an AR-15 platform, this scope does have advantages. However, just because it is smaller doesn’t mean you must give up features and options, as this list shows.

  • The overall length of the AGM Rattler is only 7. 37 inches
  • This thermal scope is light on your rifle at only one pound total weight.
  • 384 x 288 resolution
  • 1024 x 768-pixel resolution on a .39 inch OLED display
  • 8X digital zoom
  • 4.5 hours of runtime with the internal battery
  • Onboard video recording capability
  • Uses two CR123 batteries
  • WIFI capable to stream video and other data to your WIFI device

The AGM Rattler thermal imaging scope is a step above the ATN LT. It is also twice the cost. However, you get military-grade technology and the ability to set up a Wi-Fi network to stream video and images to your Wi-Fi devices such as a smartphone or tablet.

What Users of the AGM Rattler Thermal Scope are Saying?

Many AGM thermal scope users post comments and offer their findings. Among the most common categories of comments are these.

  • Of all the thermal scopes and imagers, I have owned, this is the best image quality in this price range I have found.
  • The size is perfect on top of my AR-15.
  • I have taken this thermal scope into some of the roughest country and the worst conditions imaginable, and it has performed with a problem through it all.


  • Good battery life. The CR123 batteries are easy to change as well. Great combination of batteries and battery life
  • The WIFI connection makes streaming video to another device easy and convenient
  • Rugged and durable construction
  • Great clarity and image quality


  • Expensive
  • Very few reticles choices

The AGM Rattler thermal scope is considered a mid-range thermal scope. This is our choice of the thermal imaging scopes in this class and price range. The compact size and lightweight make it ideal for mounting on an AR-15 platform for nighttime coyote hunting.

Best Long Range Thermal Scope for Coyote Hunting – Pulsar Thermion Thermal Riflescope

Pulsar Thermion XG50 Thermal Riflescope

Shooting larger calibers or at extremely long ranges requires another level of thermal imaging riflescope. Reaching out into the darkness can be a thrill. Just recognizing and targeting a coyote at these ranges at night is a special accomplishment. For this kind of shooting, you need the next level of thermal imaging scope

Pulsar provides this kind of performance with the Pulsar Thermion Thermal Riflescope. Pulsar has a reputation for providing the highest quality electronic products. You will find the same sort of reputation in the Pulsar Thermion thermal scope. With great distance performance, you get a full array of options and features.

  • 2,400-yard operating range
  • 64- x 480 microbolometer 
  • 12-micron pixel detail
  • BAE digital senso
  • Rechargeable battery pack
  • Integral rangefinder
  • Picture in Picture capability 
  • Customizable reticle options
  • 8X digital zoom
  • Instant start-up features
  • Highly customizable color pallets
  • Video and still photo recording to an onboard 16GB SD card
  • IPX7 waterproof rating
  • Rated for recoil up to .375 H&H
  • WIFI support for video streaming

These features and the ability to see out to 2,400 yards entail some costs. Upfront, these Pulsar Thermion thermal scopes are not cheap. They are also on the heavy and long side. This may not be perfect if you use a short rifle or an AR-15 platform. 

What Users of the Pulsar Thermion Thermal Scope are Saying?

Across the board, Pulsar Thermion thermal scope users are positive and reap high praise on these riflescopes. Typically, the most heard comments fall into these categories.

  • This is a full-featured thermal scope that hits all the requirements for a long-distance thermal scope. The magnification and the image quality are exceptional to the limits of its capabilities.
  • This is an expensive thermal scope but worth the price. The images and the features make this a reasonable option if you like long-distance shooting at night.
  • The rangefinder is indispensable when shooting at these ranges at night. No one can accurately judge the distance to a target you can’t see in the dark with your naked eye.


  • One of the longest detection ranges of any thermal imaging scope on the market
  • Reasonable battery life but extra battery packs can be quickly installed
  • You can customize the image pallet to suit your preferences
  • Capture video and still images and send them to your smart device 


  • The price may be out of range of many shooters and hunters
  • The controls may be a bit clumsy and unintuitive

The Pulsar Thermion is a prime choice if you need the distance and want a top-of-the-line thermal imaging scope. Some people consider this a professional-level thermal imaging scope. The price is certainly representative of that kind of ranking.

Ultimate Coyote Thermal Scope – Trijicon REAP-IR 35mm Thermal Rifle Scope

Trijicon Reap-IR 35 mm Thermal Riflescope

Trijicon is, for many shooters, the ultimate in tactical and night vision optical equipment. The long association with the military has given Trijicon a wealth of data and technical know-how that spills over into their civilian products. The Trijicon REAP-Ir thermal riflescope is no exception.

Trijicon builds this thermal imaging scope to the same rigorous standards required by the military. A scope that meets these specifications will easily go anywhere a hunter is inclined to go. Weather won’t be a problem either. If you are interested in features, look at this list included with the Trijicon REAP-IR thermal riflescope.

  • Innovative thumb stick control system for ergonomic and efficient control of this thermal scope
  • A top-loading battery compartment that uses two CR123 batteries makes for easy battery changes
  • 12-micron thermal detection technology for the best in images
  • 8X digital zoom
  • 4-hours of battery run time
  • 640 x 480 resolution. One of the highest in the industry
  • USB-C port allows external power sources
  • Constructed to MIL-STD 810G
  • Made in the USA
  • Quick-release mounts provide flexibility and versatility
  • Multiple reticle choices to meet your shooting needs

Military-grade equipment doesn’t come cheap, and the Trijicon REAP-IR is no exception. You can expect to pay 8 times the cost of the least expensive thermal scope on our list for the Trijicon model. 

What Users of the Trijicon REAP-IR are Saying?

Those who buy and use these Trijicon REAP-IR are typically specialized operators who need confidence in a thermal scope trusted by military and law enforcement. Most casual shooters can’t or won’t pay the price for a scope of this caliber. However, those who use this thermal scope are specific in their opinions.

  • I was looking for a high-quality thermal scope to use in my predator control business. The Trijicon REAP-IR meets all my requirements and specifications.
  • This scope is not only a fantastic piece of thermal imaging, but it is small and lightweight. 
  • The high-resolution screen and digital zoom work together flawlessly to give crisp and detailed images.


  • High-quality construction
  • A high frame rate of 60Hz makes hitting moving targets much easier
  • It can be helmet mounted if you wish
  • Multiple reticle patterns are available 
  • Includes a free NGI mini DVR recorder that connects to the thermal scope


  • Very Expensive
  • No remote control or WIFI connection

The Trijicon REAP-IR is not a scope that everyone will rush out to purchase. The price puts this thermal scope well above most casual shooters’ budget. However, if you are a professional shooter or hunter and need the quality and reliability that comes with a Trijicon thermal scope, you can justify the price.

Thermal Imagining – High Tech for Coyote Hunting

Modern traditional optical scopes use the same basic technology that scopes made one hundred years ago employed. Light passes through lenses to magnify and clarify an image so the shooter can better aim at the target. With the advent of high-tech imaging systems, scope technology has taken a huge leap forward.

Instead of glass lenses, thermal imaging scopes utilize technology that detects heat rather than light. The heat signatures from objects in the field of view are electronically converted to digital images that the human eye can perceive. Since this technology does not depend on ambient light, thermal imaging can “see” in total darkness.

This capability enables hunters to “see” images of their targets at night. This has not been possible with traditional optical scopes. In particular, varmint hunters can gain an edge on quarries, such as coyotes that travel during the darkest hours. The electronic images produced by thermal imaging scopes provide several other benefits to coyote hunters beyond the ability to ‘see’ at night.

What Should I Look for in a Thermal Imaging Scope for Coyote Hunting?

Thermal scopes are different from traditional optical scopes and require considering different factors. Unlike optical scopes, the quality and clarity of the glass lenses are not a factor with thermal scopes. Of more concern are issues such as battery life, the resolution of the display, and other features that can make the thermal scope more efficient.

When shopping for a thermal scope, the major questions that you should ask include the following:

  • What type of terrain do you coyote hunt?  Is it open flatland, or does it roll and undulate?  Is there heavy vegetation, or are your sightlines open?
  • How are the environmental conditions when you hunt?  Is the weather normally temperate and dry, or do you experience wet conditions?  Extremes in temperatures during your coyote hunts are another consideration.
  • Is Bluetooth connectivity important to you, or do you prefer all functions to be available directly on your thermal scope?
  • How concerned are you with overall weight?
  • How much magnification do you need?  What ranges do you normally conduct your coyote hunts?

There are, of course, other factors you may need to consider based on your coyote hunting expectations and needs. However, these questions cover the most fundamental requirements for most hunters who target coyotes.

Our Tips for Buying a Thermal Scope for Coyote Hunting?

We are often asked how to shop for a thermal imaging scope. We tell everyone who asks to understand your own needs and expectations before you start shopping. Once you grasp what you expect, you should consider these features and factors in a thermal scope. 

Battery Life

Thermal scopes are entirely dependent on their batteries to function. Your hunting style and habits may dictate what you must have as far as battery life is concerned. Long battery life is necessary if you are a coyote hunter who arrives just before sunset and stays through the net. If you hunt in short intervals, shorter battery life may be acceptable. In some cases, using an external battery may be a needed option.

Consider The Rifle You Shoot

The rifle and caliber your shoot can figure into your thermal scope selection. Some thermal scopes are more sensitive to recoil from high-caliber weapons. If you shoot a very fast cartridge and expect to go out to long distances, you will need a thermal scope to match your rifle’s performance. You must match your rifle’s performance to the thermal scope you choose.

Other Options and Opportunities

Most thermal scopes come with various other features that you will find convenient. If you want to capture images or video as you hunt, you should ensure your thermal imaging scope has the right features. Bluetooth connectivity can make this easier but requires more preparation and technical expertise. Other features and options you might want on your thermal scope when coyote hunting:

  • Ballistic calculator and aim point adjustment
  • Multiple setups for different rifles
  • Range finders
  • Video recording and streaming via Bluetooth
  • Still photo capture
  • Enhanced memory using SD card technology

All these options can make your coyote hunts memorable and enjoyable while improving your shooting. Unfortunately, the more options and features you want, the higher the price of a thermal imaging scope can become.

Thermal Scopes and Coyotes – A new Dimension in Varmint Hunting

Most coyote hunters will eventually explore night hunting with a thermal imaging scope. There are many options on the market. However, we believe that the ATN Thor LT thermal imagining scope is the best choice for the average coyote hunter. The features you get with this scope for its price are unbeatable in our eyes.

Dennis Howard

A life long hunter, fisherman, and outdoorsman, after surviving a devastating tornado in his home town, he saw the effects on people’s lives as they struggled to cope. He built his first bugout bag a few weeks later and has been a dedicated prepper/survivalist since that time. After a career as a fireman, Dennis opened a retail store (FFL approved) catering to the military, law enforcement, and like-minded individuals. The store built their own AR platforms. Furthermore, Dennis was also an NRA instructor in both long gun and handgun as well as a certified range safety officer. Read his full interview here.

Source link: by Dennis Howard at

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Igniting Hope in Damp Desolation: Mastering Fire Starting in Wet Conditions



man warms himself by the fire in the forest, rain

Imagine being stuck in the wilderness. Your surroundings are damp and cold… and you have no heat source. These are the times when mastering the art of starting a fire isn’t a “nice to have”… it can make all the difference between life and death

It doesn’t matter if you’re a camper, a hiker or getting ready for the end of the world as we know it. Understanding how to get a fire starting in wet conditions is absolutely crucial. In this comprehensive guide, we will explain the principles involved in getting a fire started in even the most damp conditions.

Why You Need To Know How To Light A Fire In Damp Conditions

Fire serves multiple roles in the outdoors. It provides warmth, cooks your food, boils your water and even provides you with comfort and protection. Fire is always a survival necessity, but this becomes a serious challenge in wet conditions, be it rain, snow, or even high humidity.

Modern Need's Emergency Sleeping Bag

Preparation Is The Key to Success

Before getting into the meat of specific techniques, it’s crucial to prepare properly for fire starting in damp conditions. Here are some essential steps to follow:

You Need To Have A Fire Kit

Reliable fire kits are not expensive, so you should invest in a good one, rather than just the cheapest one you find. A good fire kit will include waterproof matches, fire starters, a butane lighter, and dry tinder. Store them in a waterproof container or a sealed plastic bag inside your bugout bag or hiking backpack.

Tinder and Kindling

Gather and prepare your dry tinder and kindling in advance. It’s one less thing you have to do to stress yourself out in a survival situation. Good tinder and kindling includes dry leaves, birch bark, small twigs, or wood shavings. Keep them in a waterproof bag.

Shelter Building

Setting up a shelter or even using a tarp to protect your fire-starting area from rain or snow can be a real game changer when it comes to not only making a fire, but ensuring that your fire stays lit. 

Techniques for Starting A Fire in Wet Conditions

There are a number of effective techniques for getting a fire started in less than ideal conditions. The more tools you have at your disposal, the more options you can have when it comes to getting your fire started, staying warm and cooking food. 

Waterproof Matches

Waterproof matches are one of the best things you can have in wet conditions. These matches will light even when wet and can be an excellent backup source of fire even when they’re not. However, it’s essential to store them in a waterproof container to prevent accidental exposure to moisture. There’s only so much moistures the matches can stand before they don’t work. 

Modern Need's Emergency Sleeping Bag

Ferrocerium Rod

A ferrocerium rod, also known as a firesteel or ferro rod, is much more durable than waterproof matches and a highly reliable fire starter. Scrape the rod with your pocket knife or a special striker to create sparks. This can be used to ignite your tinder.

Fire Piston

A fire piston is less common than some of these other options, but a highly effective tool for starting fires when it’s damp. The fire pistol rapidly compresses air, igniting the tinder inside the piston’s chamber. This method can be used successfully even in wet conditions if you have a dry tinder source to get things started

Solar Fire Starting

On a sunny days, you can use a magnifying glass or even a clear plastic bag filled with water to concentrate sunlight onto your tinder. Again, you’re going to need the sun for this and it helps if it’s directly overhead. 

Fire Plough and Fire Saw

The fire plough and fire saw are primitive methods for starting a fire that work just as well as they did thousands of years ago. The fire saw and plough work together to create friction between two pieces of wood, which  generates intense heat. These methods don’t work as well in damp conditions, but if you prepare your dry tinder properly, they can still work.

Fire From Electricity

If you have no other options, you can attempt to generate fire using a battery and steel wool. Touch the battery terminals to the steel wool, which can ignite and can be used to light dry tinder. Exercise extreme caution when using this method. 

How To Build A Fire In Damp Conditions

Regardless of how you start the fire, the key to success is building and sustaining the fire. Here are some effective techniques for getting a fire going and keeping it going under wet conditions:

Teepee Fire

The teepee fire is the classic method for arranging kindling and fuelwood. Arrange your fuel in a cone or teepee shape. This structure allows for proper airflow, which dries out damp wood more efficiently.

Lean-To Fire

The lean-to fire places a long piece of kindling against a larger piece of fuelwood, which creates a sheltered space under itself. This structure helps protect the fire underneath from moisture and rain, just as a lean-to protects people inside from the elements.

Modern Need's Emergency Sleeping Bag

Upside-Down Fire

An upside-down fire is also known as a “self-feeding fire,” which stacks the largest fuelwood at the bottom, with progressively smaller pieces on top, ending with the tinder on top of the kindling. This method prevents the fire from being smothered by damp or wet fuelwood.

Platform Fire

A platform fire is built on a flat, elevated surface preventing the fire from sitting in water or on the damp ground. Rocks or logs can be used as a base for your fire.

In damp or wet conditions, fire starting can be a daunting task, but is possible. Using the right techniques, tools, and general preparedness, you can ignite that crucial flame. It doesn’t matter you’re camping, hiking, or facing down the end of the world as we know it; understanding how to start a fire in adverse weather can save your life. Hone your fire-starting skills before you have to. This will ensure they’re at your disposal when the time comes. 

Have you ever had to light a fire in damp conditions? What methods were most effective for you? Share your thoughts in the comments below. 

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Food, Water and Medicine: Long-Haul Survival Prepping For The Whole Family



A disaster supply kit

No one wants to think about it… but modern civilization is built on a flimsy foundation that could come crashing down at any moment. 

Think about it: The power grid is extremely fragile. North Korea’s nukes aren’t for taking out cities. They’re for taking out our power grid with an EMP. What’s more, sophisticated hackers already have access to the American power grid… and can shut it off at a moment of their choosing.

Speaking of nukes, the international situation gets more and more tense with each passing week. The Russo-Ukraine War could easily spill over into a neighboring NATO nation, triggering a response from the nuclear-armed powers of NATO. Non-state actors are always in pursuit of nuclear weapons and it’s only a matter of time until they get them. 

Civil unrest is another strong candidate for collapse, alongside its close cousin economic meltdown. It doesn’t matter which side of the political fence you fall on, the writing is on the wall: America is more polarized than ever and our currency is rapidly inflating thanks to the unprecedented money printing that occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic. This sets the stage for a perfect storm of civil unrest and economic collapse. 

We’re not saying any of this to scare you. In fact, nothing would make us happier than for you to live a happy and prosperous life with your family with absolutely no collapses, calamities or catastrophes to deal with. 

That said, however, it’s much wiser to be prepared for a disaster that never happens than it is to be totally unprepared when the SHTF. 

To that end, you’ve got three things at the very least that it’s absolutely essential to stockpile, whether you’re worried about the lights going off for a couple weeks or the rest of your life: food, water and medicine. 

How Much Water Does My Family Need?

Before you even start thinking about food, you need to think about water. You can last a lot longer without food than you can without water. What’s more, water is probably going to provide challenges you haven’t properly considered even if you’ve done a bit of research into the topic of how to survive a major natural disaster. 

The general guideline for water is one gallon per person per day. This includes drinking water as well as cleaning water, including personal hygiene and things like doing the dishes. 

Shockwave Mini

However, this is not an adequate answer because if you’re subsisting on a lot of dehydrated food, you’re also going to need water for cooking with. So do the math on how many people there are in your family times how many packets of dehydrated food you’re each going to eat in a day and add that to the gallon of water per person.

Just knowing how much water you need isn’t nearly enough, however. That’s because water is extremely bulky and heavy. Stockpiling water isn’t an effective solution for getting your water needs met. Even if you have a massive three car garage and use it to store absolutely nothing but water from the floor to the ceiling, you’re eventually going to run out of water in the event of a long-term collapse. 

So where are you going to get water from?

We’ve got some bad news about that: There’s a very good chance that the local rivers and streams aren’t going to be a viable source of clean water in the event of a total collapse. That’s because when the power grid goes off, it’s not just the water pumps that stop working. It’s also the water treatment centers and sewage systems. When this happens, the sewage that you mostly forget about the second that you flush the toilet is going to start backing up into your home, but also into those rivers and streams, making the water undrinkable. 

It’s nasty to think about, but it’s a contingency that you must be aware of, because sewage will not just be gross and smelly, it will also contain toxic gasses that can kill you and your family. 

So the rivers and streams are off limits. What are you supposed to drink, then? There are two main options for making sure you and everyone else in your family has enough water to drink. 

  • Personal Filtration Systems: Some of these are no bigger than a straw, while others are more robust. You can learn how to DIY a water filtration system if you want – and frankly, that’s an excellent skill to have. A better alternative, however, is just buying one, given how inexpensive and readily available such supplies are these days. 
  • Personal Well: You’d be surprised how close you are to the ground water depending on where you live. That water under the ground will need to be cleaned, treated and filtered, but it also is right there under your home, saving you a potentially dangerous trip somewhere to get water. Use a hand pump system or have some kind of backup power supply that’s not reliant on the power grid to get the water out of the ground. 
  • Water Purification Tablets: Water purification tablets can be purchased on Amazon or down at the local Walmart. They can take what would normally be toxic, fetid water and make it into something drinkable for you and your family – and it takes up way less space than buckets of water. 

Water is arguably the most challenging part of survival when it comes to a post-collapse scenario. In addition to having a source, you also need a method for purification. It’s difficult to store and you’ll run through it a lot faster than you think.

How Much Food Does My Family Need?

Food is the next layer on your survival pyramid. Technically you can go about three weeks without food, but after three days you’re going to enter a world of hurt. You’re going to be hungrier than you’ve likely ever been in your life and surrounded by people in the same situation. 

That kind of hunger – with no easy end in sight – creates anxiety, panic and desperation. Your formerly likable friends and neighbors will now be willing to do absolutely anything for just one morsel of food. 

It’s going to be absolute total chaos. The less you can go out in that, the better. 

72 Hour Food Kit

Beyond the simple safety issues associated with leaving your home, there simply isn’t going to be any food to be had through normal sources. Modern supply chain technology delivers new stock as soon as old stock has been sold. The local supermarket and even the distribution centers that supply them will be stripped clean in a week tops. 

So you need some kind of food supply that’s all yours at home or at your bugout spot. The big thing most preppers do wrong, though, is they think they have to rely entirely on a massive cache of dehydrated food. In fact, this should be part of your prepper plan but it absolutely should not be your whole plan or even the base of your pyramid. 

The main thing that you should be stocking up on is non-perishable goods that your family eats regularly anyway. This provides your family with some degree of comfort and “normality” at a time when they’re going to need it the most. Introducing an entirely new menu into your family’s life at a time of crisis is only going to increase stress at a time when you probably won’t have much extra stress tolerance to spare. 

You’re going to want foods that is both calorie and nutrient dense and you always want to have some variety in your food – nothing is going to make post-collapse life more miserable than relying entirely on a supply of canned beans, rice and dehydrated milk.

Next up, you’re going to want to have lots of ingredients on hand to help you to cook things from scratch. This might not sound like the most fun way to feed yourself, but it can help you to really stretch out your pantry, as well as giving your family something to do to avoid thinking about the collapse of everything you ever knew happening all around you. This is where things like freeze-dried meats and vegetables and even more basic ingredients like salt, flour, baking soda and the like come into play. 

After that you’re going to want to fill in the gaps with that pre-made, dehydrated “prepper” food that we talked about above. It’s great as a supplement for your supplies, but it’s not the whole ball game. It’s expensive, requires a lot of water and instantly marks you as a “prepper” to anyone who sees it in your home. The last part can be big trouble in the event of a catastrophe because you become the local supermarket, but instead of trading for it, your neighbors are likely going to beg, demand and then take whatever you have. 

What Should You Eat?

When everything is collapsing around you, it’s more important than ever to make sure that you’re eating properly. So what should you eat and how much of it should you have? 

The main thing is this: not only does your body need a certain number of calories every day, you also need a certain amount of protein, fat and carbs to stay alive and healthy. It’s all about proportion and ratio, but you’re not going to last long on a diet entirely made up of spaghetti and nothing else. 

The problem is that the macros that work in your normal, everyday life are not the macros that will work in a survival scenario. For example, the Harvard School of Public Health recommends about 130 grams of carbohydrates per day for an adult human, but admits that you might need almost four times that – 500 grams a day – in a time of high stress. There is no time more stressful than when all the supermarket shelves are bare, law and order has broken down and there’s no indication that “normal” life is coming back any time soon. 

Shockwave Mini

What’s more, you’ll want to be carrying around more fat in a survival situation than you would for a day at the beach. That’s not just because fats provide you with twice as much energy per gram as carbs, it’s also because having a little extra padding can help to keep you warm when the heating doesn’t work. 

The main thing to remember is that fats provide long-term energy that your body can live off of during the lean times, while carbs are your short-term energy supply for bursts of activity. 

As far as protein is concerned, it’s probably going to be in short supply so “as much as you can get” will likely be the order of the day, but beyond that, about .8 grams of protein per kilogram of bodyweight. For pregnant women, you’re going to want to get between 75 and 100 grams of protein every day. 

72 Hour Food Kit

One quick hack to start getting more healthy calories in your food? Adding olive oil to MREs… or just about anything else. It’s nutrient dense and a super healthy source of fat that can keep you moving when you’re scraping by. 

How Much Food Do You Need?

How much food you need is an extremely complicated topic. It’s obviously dependent on a number of factors including how many people you believe you’re going to have to feed in the event of an emergency and how long you plan to feed them for. However many people you have in your family, plan to feed more. 

There are a couple reasons for this. 

First of all, there’s a very good chance that in an emergency you’re going to have some unexpected family visitors if you have even the slightest reputation as a “prepper” in your family. So it’s not just you and your spouse and maybe your kids – it’s also prudent to prepare to feed siblings and their kids, grandkids, parents, spouses of siblings and so on. Your budget might not allow for this and that’s fine if it doesn’t, but you’ll still want to prepare to have more than “just enough” food for you and your family because in a world where the supermarkets are closed and show no signs of opening up again, food and other supplies are going to be the coin of the realm.

It doesn’t matter if you’re into gold, silver, Bitcoin or even think that good old U.S. dollars will still maintain some kind of powerful psychological value in the event of a major catastrophe. You can’t eat any of these and you can’t shoot them at deer to put food on the table. So durable goods like ammunition and, yes, food are going to become extremely valuable. Having something that you can barter for other supplies that you need is always a smart move whether we’re talking about food, ammunition or even little odds and ends like sewing needles or toilet paper. 

Briefly, on the subject of barter food, it’s worth considering whether or not you want to stockpile alcohol, cigarettes, coffee, candy or other similar goods for the express purpose of bartering them. 

In any event, the main way to plan for how much food to have is the most basic guiding principle of “you can never have enough.” But, of course, space and money is limited. So with that said, it’s important to know how much of various foodstuffs can feed a fully grown adult human over the course of a year and then multiplying that by three or even five years. 

72 Hour Food Kit

Look at how much beef, pasta, bread and other staples your family goes through in an average week. Then multiply that by 52 and you have how much you’re going to need of everything for the course of an entire year. You can then extrapolate out from there how much food you’re going to need for a long-term emergency. 

When Your Supplies Run Out: Hunting, Fishing and Farming

Ultimately, though, like your water supply, your food is going to run out on a long enough timeline. And while you might be able to forage and barter some, the best thing you can do is become as self-reliant as possible.

That means growing your own food supply to the extent that it makes sense. This is a great way to grow some fun stuff for the family to eat to spice things up from the usual rotation of food. Hunting is also one of the best skills you can have as a prepper, ensuring a supply of fresh meat no matter how long the grocery stores are closed.

Now we know that not everyone is able to move off-grid to a 100-acre homestead and become a farmer because the end of the world might come one day. However, even if you live in the city or the suburbs, there are some ways that you can prep for your food supply in the event of a short-term or long-term collapse. 

We’re talking, of course, about hunting, farming and fishing. You need to start thinking less in terms of how you can stockpile food from now until kingdom come and more about how you can quickly become self-sufficient in the event of a disaster. 

Experienced hunters, anglers and farms can probably scan this section quickly. But it’s worth remembering that you’re not going to be out hunting for sport with a license in competition with other responsible sportsmen who would never dream of bagging and elk without a tag. Instead, you’re going to be competing with people who are absolutely desperate for food and will do completely stupid stuff like bag 10 deer even though 9.5 of that is going to go bad before they can eat it.

So even if you already have what it takes to bag game big and small alike, you need to put a bit of planning in and assume that hunts might be 10 times as hard as they are now when people start overhunting and depleting the available supply of game.You also have to remember that for others, you will be the quarry – and transporting game from the kill site to your home is going to be a heck of a lot more difficult when the world has descended into “eat or be eaten.” 

Depending on the nature of the disaster, it might just be a simple fact of life that there isn’t as much meat to go around, such as in the event of a nuclear disaster or a tsunami or something else that takes out a lot of the available game in a given area or even across the entire United States.

For the rest of you who have never had the pleasure of hunting or fishing before, there’s no time like the present to learn. 

It’s not quite as simple as happening upon an animal and shooting it. Fortunately, there are a number of inexpensive courses you can take that will help you to obtain a ready made source of protein in your backyard in the event that you can no longer go to the deli section and pick out your favorite cut.

72 Hour Food Kit

Gardening is also important and you don’t need a huge tract of land to make it worthwhile. World War II-era “Victory Gardens” are an excellent guide to how you can grow a lot of nutrients in a very small space. If you live in a more urbanized environment you can still get a little windowsill garden going on for herbs and spices that will add a little extra flavor to your meal and keep spirits up when you don’t have any idea when the supermarkets are opening up again. 

Keeping Your Food Fresh: Long-Term Storage Of Food

It goes without saying that in a collapse scenario you’re not going to be able to rely on your fridge or coffin freezer if you’re relying on the grid for electricity. To that end, you’re going to need to know how to store food over the long term if you want to be able to eat any of the stuff that can go bad, whether you bought it at the store before the collapse or grew or caught it afterward. 

First, when you’re making your purchases at the grocery store (while they still exist), you’re going to want to lean heavily on things that are “non-perishable.” While this is a bit of a misnomer (on a long enough timeline almost everything will go bad, especially if not stored properly), you’re looking to fill your larder with foods with extremely long shelf lives. 

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  • Six Months: Potatoes, dry crackers, dried fruit, powdered milk.
  • One Year: Condensed soup, canned fruits and juices, instant cereal, dry cereal, peanut butter, chocolate, jelly, canned nuts.
  • “Indefinitely” (Two To Three Years): Wheat, dry pasta, rice, bullion, salt, wheat, baking powder, instant coffee, corn. 

You should also acquaint yourself with various methods of increasing the shelf life of your food. This can make food you prepare, grow, catch or kill after the collapse last longer. 

Dehydration is great for both fruit and meat, giving quickly perishable food a much longer shelf life. Canning is another way to keep your food fresher longer. You can learn this for free at one of hundreds of Latter-Day Saints canning centers around the country, whether you’re of the LDS faith or not. 

If you’re in a situation where you have to start hitting your reserves or are at least concerned about this being an issue, start with the food in the fridge that’s perishable, then the freezer food then they dry food that you specifically bought for long-term storage. 

Preparing Your Food In A Survival Scenario

Of course all the food in the world isn’t worth squat if you don’t have some way to cook and prepare it. 

No matter how you break it down, you need two heat sources to cook and heat water from. This is in case one breaks down or doesn’t have the appropriate fuel supply you need. Now you might be thinking of propane or a wood stove, but both of these require a steady supply of a large amount of fuel or they stop working. So they might be good for one cooking and water heating food source, but you’re going to want to have at least one more. 

72 Hour Food Kit

There are a two main options that we like a lot for a backup source or even an alternative primary source: 

  • Solar-powered ovens that allow you to store the energy of the sun and use it later. No electrical grid, propane, charcoal or wood required!
  • Fuel-efficient rocket stoves are another option. These require wood, but when we say “wood” we don’t mean you have to build a huge campfire. You might be able to cook an entire dinner for your family with just a few twigs.

New technologies are making it easier than ever to get ready for the end of the world as we know it and nowhere is this more true than with regard to cooking your food. A generator is also great to have for a variety of reasons, including helping you to cook and prepare food. If you can’t afford one, consider making friends with someone who already has one. 


One very scary thing about a collapse scenario many people fail to properly consider is this: The drug stores and hospitals won’t be around, either. That means something as simple as a small cut or abrasion can go horribly wrong and take you out of action for weeks or even result in your death. 

Another factor important to remember is having enough medical supplies around for a disaster. This can mean your regular medications but it can also mean simple supplies like bandages as aspirin. 

You might be worried about expiration dates, but studies show that most medications retain 90 percent of their potency for five years after their alleged “expiration date.” 

In addition to food, water and bullets, you should stockpile the following over-the-counter medications:

  • Aspirin: Everyone knows this and it’s great to have around in abundance for the end of the world as we know it. Aspirin fights fevers as well as reduces pain, inflammation and swelling. Low doses help to prevent strokes, heart attacks and blood clots due to its blood thinning properties. 
  • Acetaminophen: Sold under the brand name Tylenol, this pain reliever is not an anti-inflammatory. It doesn’t irritate the stomach like many other over-the-counter pain relievers.  
  • Ibuprofen: The brand name for this is Motrin or Advil and the U.S. Army prescribes it for just about everything. It reduces fevers and relieves just about any kind of pain you can imagine. 
  • Naproxen: Commonly known as Aleve, this does much the same thing as ibuprofen, but it lasts for 12 hours at a time. 
  • Loperamide: Sold under the brand name Imodium, this is an anti-diarrhea agent which is worth its weight in gold in a world where the water treatment plants aren’t working. 
  • Diphenhydramine: While it’s scientific name is a mouthful, you already know this one as Benadryl. You also probably know it’s great for hay fever and allergies, but it also helps combat insomnia, anxiety, nausea, hives and itching. 

You should also have a big supply of laxatives, antibiotic and antifungal creams or ointments, antacids, and whatever prescription medications you need. If you can find a legal way to stockpile antibiotics, those are also great to have around both for personal use in case of an emergency or for barter. 

Much like food and water, your medical supplies are eventually going to run out. Fortunately, there are a number of natural sources that can act as substitutes for the medications that you stockpiled. 

You can grow some of these in your garden, but you should also be aware of what medicinal herbs grow in your area. Many basic medicines are provided to you for free by Mother Nature. We’re not suggesting you skip a trip to the local pharmacy, but when you don’t have any other options these will do in a pinch:

  • Burn Treatment: For burns you can apply a mixture of 2-4 drops each of frankincense, helichrysum and melaleuca. 
  • Diarrhea: When the runs come calling drink water with a couple drops each of lemon, clove, wild orange, eucalyptus and cinnamon. For more severe cases up the dose to five drops and add fennel, peppermint, ginger and coriander. 
  • Infections: You can treat infected wounds with myrrh, lavender, frankincense and melaleuca. 

To get into each and every plant or oil that can treat each and every illness would be a whole other book altogether. Fortunately, there are a number of books out there that teach just this. Equally fortunately, much of this grows wild around you or can easily be grown in your garden. 

Preparing for food, water and medicine in the event of a disaster isn’t difficult, but it does take time and attention. No matter how much prepping you’re able to do, you’ll likely be miles ahead of everyone else around you who didn’t take any actions to keep themselves and their family safe in the event of the unthinkable.  

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Earthquake Safety for Families from Preparation to Protection



After the earthquake

Gearing Up to Guard Your Family Before Trouble Strikes

In the ever-changing world of survival and preparedness, earthquakes pose a unique challenge. Unlike many natural disasters, they give no warning. One moment, everything is normal, and the next, the ground shakes violently beneath your feet. For families, especially with young ones, the unpredictability and potential severity of earthquakes require specific planning and preparation. Here’s your guide to fortifying your household against the potential devastation of an earthquake. BE PREPARED: Claim Your Ready for Anything Kit Here!

Recognize the Reality

Firstly, realize that earthquakes can happen anywhere, not just in historically active areas. While places like California are notorious for seismic activity, other areas are not immune. This broad-reaching potential makes understanding and preparing for earthquakes essential for every family, no matter where you reside.

Home Sweet Safe Home

  • Secure Your Spaces: Begin by anchoring tall furniture to walls. This includes bookshelves, wardrobes, and any other pieces that can topple. Make sure heavy items are placed on lower shelves.
  • Safety Zones: Identify safe spots in each room, like under sturdy tables or against interior walls, away from windows and items that could fall.
  • Emergency Shutoffs: Familiarize yourself with the gas, water, and electricity shut-off points in your home. In the event of a significant quake, you might need to turn these off to prevent fires or flooding.

Survival Supplies: The Essentials

Every family needs an emergency kit specifically tailored for earthquakes. This kit should be easy to grab and should include:

  • Water and Food: At least a three-day supply of water for each family member and non-perishable food items.
  • Medical Supplies: Basic first aid items, a week’s worth of prescription medicines, and any special-needs items for children or elderly family members.
  • Communication Tools: Battery-operated radio, extra batteries, and a whistle to signal for help if needed.
  • Documentation: Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification, and bank account records in a waterproof and portable container.
Ready For Anything Kit

BE PREPARED: Claim Your Ready for Anything Kit Here!

Train, Practice, Repeat

Have regular family drills where everyone practices the “Drop, Cover, and Hold On” method. This ensures that, in the panic of the moment, every member knows what to do instinctively.

Stay Informed

Lastly, stay abreast of geological surveys and updates for your area. Many governmental and independent agencies provide updates on seismic activities, and some even offer apps or services that send alerts directly to your mobile device.

The very nature of earthquakes – sudden and unpredictable – means that preparation is key. It’s not about living in constant fear, but rather ensuring peace of mind knowing your family is ready to face whatever seismic challenges come your way. With the right knowledge, tools, and practices in place, you can stand firm when the ground beneath shakes. So, let’s prepare today to protect our tomorrows.

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